November 18, 2015
After the first meeting of the steering committee on Nov. 18, 2015, these terms of reference were circulated:
10x20 Steering Committee
Accelerating Actions to Achieve Target 5 Of SDG 14
Terms of Reference for Discussion
I - Background
In September 2015, Member States adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that includes 17 Goals and 169 targets. Goal 14 seeks to “Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development”.
We believe that Target 14.5: “By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information” constitutes a cornerstone of SDG14. Its measurable numerical objective can be achieved and if we succeed in doing so we will have shown positive results in a relatively short time-frame. This is a historic opportunity that we need to seize.
From this belief the 10x20 initiative and campaign was born. The oceans are under threat and Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are underutilized tools apt to protect them – currently the global ocean is only 2% protected. The Steering Committee is intended to be a vehicle for advocacy and support toward the attainment of target14.5 and a forum for sharing practices, problems and possible solutions, knowledge and progress. While the focus of the Steering Committee will be on the full realization of the target, it will also concern itself with issues of sustainability, as well as social and economic impacts and benefits.
II - Goals and Objectives -- The 10x20 campaign
Ten percent by 2020 – the name is the goal.
The 10x20 campaign is based on the conviction that member-states will live up to the pledges made to the world for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and its targets. Member- states recognise that the pursuit of SDGs will require a massive collective effort at all levels and that this can best be achieved by engaging State and Non-State actors in continuous and innovative collaboration and partnership.
The 10x20 campaign calls on member-states to voluntarily establish the most effective marine protection that the best scientific knowledge can sustain. The Steering Committee, established by member-states under the leadership of Italy and with the stewardship of the Ocean Sanctuary Alliance (OSA), is meant to be an instrument of advocacy for the voluntary establishment of MPAs, a means for generating support for these initiatives, a forum for exchanging knowledge, information and best practices, and a vehicle for disseminating information and know-how.
For best results, the Steering Committee aims at bringing together governments, international organizations, NGOs, foundations and private companies, in short, all stakeholders of the marine conservation target.
III - Leadership/membership
The Republic of Italy has agreed to take the leadership role in the promotion of marine protected areas, and has agreed to chair the Steering Committee initially for 2 years.
Membership of the Steering Committee is open to all United Nations Member States on a voluntary basis, as well as UN organizations and leaders from academia, private sector and civil society, who are committed to the achievement of Target 5 of SDG 14. Membership will include individuals in their personal capacity as well as representatives of organizations.
The Steering Committee will meet trimesterly, or as needed, and will be chaired by the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Italy to the United Nations. It will be supported by 5 Vice-Chairs, who will initially serve for a period of 3 years . One of the Vice-Chairs will be a Representative from the Ocean Sanctuary Alliance (OSA).
IV - Role of the Steering Committee
Utilizing to the maximum extent possible international, regional and national gatherings, symposia, seminars and meetings:
Act as catalyst for experience sharing on policies required for establishing and managing MPAs;
Operationalize the “best available science” for achieving Target 5;
Identify issues that inhibit or that may open new flows of investment for MPAs;
Translate, communicate and constructively present implementation needs (e.g. infrastructure, regulatory procedures, people and skills required) and their cost for the establishment, management and sustenance of MPAs;
Using/interpreting existing relevant methodological tools and approaches (surveys, policy task forces, policy proposals, proceedings of scientific meetings and conferences, reports by international organizations) make constructive presentations of issues, challenges, constraints, lessons learnt;
Devise strategies to facilitate policy decisions through the national legislative process;
Share national and regional experiences that can benefit other Member States;
B. Promotion and Support
Utilizing to the maximum extent possible international, regional and national gatherings, symposia, seminars and meetings, as well as individual as well as collective contacts with international and regional organizations, foundations, institutions:
Promote and support the creation of marine sanctuaries;
Promote and support science-based planning to protect marine environments;
Support regional efforts that aim to protect marine ecosystems by coordinating sovereign states’ efforts, in recognition of the fact that the challenge of protecting biodiversity and regenerating fish stocks cannot be met solely by individual member-sates’ efforts;
Provide advice and guidance on efficient and effective compliance mechanisms, as called for in SDG 14;
Encourage multistakeholder partnerships, engaging private sectors, civil society, academia, bilateral and multilateral organisations, to achieve Target 5;
Share ideas and experiences on innovative financing and new investment models for implementing MPAs, noting that this can be best accomplished through multi-stakeholder partnerships;
Whenever possible support and facilitate resource mobilization efforts by Member States;
C. Media and Public outreach
Utilizing to the maximum extent possible international, regional and national public media events, promotional activities for the public at large (such as film and documentary presentations, cultural initiatives and exhibitions, book presentations, Science and Trade fairs, etc.) Members of the Steering Committee are encouraged to promote, with the aim of inspiring others for action:
The taking of concrete action for the protection of biodiversity and fish stocks in their own waters;
The advancement of the 10x20 mission;
The merging of science and policy for charting the course towards the achievement of the 10x20 target;